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Ledesma SAAI
Buy, Hold or Sell?

Let's analyse Ledesma together

PenkeI guess you are interested in Ledesma SAAI. Buy, hold or sell? I don't know! However, I do recommend doing research before doing anything. I will help you with that.

I'm going to help you getting a better view of Ledesma SAAI. At the end you don't have to ask anyone for trading advice. You can make your own decision, with more confidence, the odds in your favor, backed by data.

You can find me behind Let's Analyse Together in the top-right of each section.

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Quick analysis of Ledesma (30 sec.)










What can you expect buying and holding a share of Ledesma? (30 sec.)

How much money do you get?

How much money do you get?
ARS0.02
When do you have the money?
1 year
How often do you get paid?
42.9%

What is your share worth?

Current worth
ARS369.52
Expected worth in 1 year
ARS622.22
How sure are you?
95.2%

+ What do you gain per year?

Total Gains per Share
ARS271.40
Return On Investment
28.7%

For what price can you sell your share?

Current Price per Share
ARS945.00
Expected price per share
ARS663.00 - ARS1,166
How sure are you?
50%
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1. Valuation of Ledesma (5 min.)




Live pricePrice per Share (EOD)

ARS945.00

Intrinsic Value Per Share

ARS576.20 - ARS686.49

Total Value Per Share

ARS945.72 - ARS1,056.01

2. Growth of Ledesma (5 min.)




Is Ledesma growing?

Current yearPrevious yearGrowGrow %
How rich?$194.9m$46m$78.5m63.1%

How much money is Ledesma making?

Current yearPrevious yearGrowGrow %
Making money$11.4m$2.1m$9.2m81.2%
Net Profit Margin12.2%7.0%--

How much money comes from the company's main activities?

3. Financial Health of Ledesma (5 min.)




4. Comparing to competitors in the Farm Products industry (5 min.)




  Industry Rankings (Farm Products)  


Richest
#104 / 247

Most Revenue
#119 / 247

Most Profit
#61 / 247
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What can you expect buying and holding a share of Ledesma? (5 min.)

Welcome investor! Ledesma's management wants to use your money to grow the business. In return you get a share of Ledesma.

What can you expect buying and holding a share of Ledesma?

First you should know what it really means to hold a share of Ledesma. And how you can make/lose money.

Speculation

The Price per Share of Ledesma is ARS945.00. The market price reflects what other people think it is worth; not what it's really worth. Your job is to find out if the market price is fair, overpriced, or underpriced. I will help you with that.

If you buy blind, there is a 50% chance of making or losing money by selling the stock in the future. However, we can look at a few things to determine the odds in our favor:

  • The fundamentals: the financial health trends of Ledesma.
  • The technials: based on market psychology, we can make a calculated estimate of what the price will do in the future. We can do this through technical analysis. We can calculate the probabilities and the expected value (millionaire math). That's called speculation.
  • The book value: what is the market price compared to it's book value.

Investing

If you really want to invest in Ledesma, you will have to let go of the thought of selling in the future. If you have to sell the share for less than you bought it, it can still be a good investment. Focus on what it means to hold the stock forever:

  • You own a part of the company. The equity of this part can grow or shrink. The current Book Value per Share is ARS369.52. Based on the TTM, the Book Value Change Per Share is ARS63.17 per quarter. Based on the YOY, the Book Value Change Per Share is ARS16.82 per quarter.
  • You may receive quarterly/yearly dividend in the form of additional shares.
  • You may receive quarterly/yearly dividend in the form of cash. Based on the TTM the Dividend per Share is ARS4.68 per quarter.
Based on historical numbers we can estimate the returns while holding a share of Ledesma.

How much money are you going to get?

 MRQTTMYOY5Y10Y
 ARS% of Price per ShareARS% of Price per ShareARS% of Price per ShareARS% of Price per ShareARS% of Price per Share
Usd Eps0.070.0%0.030.0%0.010.0%0.010.0%0.010.0%
Usd Book Value Change Per Share0.150.0%0.080.0%0.020.0%0.020.0%0.020.0%
Usd Dividend Per Share0.000.0%0.010.0%0.000.0%0.000.0%0.000.0%
Usd Total Gains Per Share0.150.0%0.080.0%0.020.0%0.020.0%0.020.0%
Usd Price Per Share0.68-0.46-0.12-0.14-0.13-
Price to Earnings Ratio2.49-9.52-12.24-7.07-6.86-
Price-to-Total Gains Ratio4.47-5.92-6.02-6.83-6.85-
Price to Book Ratio1.54-1.58-1.13-1.18-1.47-
Price-to-Total Gains Ratio4.47-5.92-6.02-6.83-6.85-

When do you get the money?

Usd Investment
$.00
Usd Price Per Share1.134
Number of shares881
Gains per QuarterTrailing 12 Months5 Year
Usd Dividend Per Share0.010.00
Usd Book Value Change Per Share0.080.02
Usd Total Gains Per Share0.080.02
Gains per Quarter (881 shares)71.7320.54
Gains per Year (881 shares)286.9282.15
YearsReturn on Investment (TTM)Return on Investment (5Y)
 DividendBook Value gainTotal gainsDividendBook Value gainTotal gains
Broker costs---10---10
12026727747872
2405345649156154
35980185113233236
4791069113818311318
5991336142522389400
61191603171226467482
71381870199931544564
81582137228635622646
91782404257339700728
101982672286044778810

How sure are you?

Based on the past periods, how sure are you to get value out of your investment.

Linear %
 Trailing 12 Months3Y5 Year10 YearALLTIME
  % % % % %
Earnings Per Share4.00.00.0100.0%11.01.00.091.7%16.04.00.080.0%17.04.00.081.0%17.04.00.081.0%
Book Value Change Per Share4.00.00.0100.0%12.00.00.0100.0%19.01.00.095.0%20.01.00.095.2%20.01.00.095.2%
Dividend per Share2.00.02.050.0%9.00.03.075.0%9.00.011.045.0%9.00.012.042.9%9.00.012.042.9%
Total Gains per Share4.00.00.0100.0%12.00.00.0100.0%19.01.00.095.0%20.01.00.095.2%20.01.00.095.2%
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Fundamentals of Ledesma

About Ledesma SAAI

Ledesma Sociedad Anónima Agrícola Industrial produces and sells agro-industrial products in Argentina. The company offers sugar, paper and copybooks, alcohol and bioethanol, fruits and citric juices, meat and grains, and cereals. It also produces energy from renewable sources. Ledesma Sociedad Anónima Agrícola Industrial is based in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Fundamental data was last updated by Penke on 2024-02-17 20:58:03.

Financial Health

Profitability Details
 Compared to previous yearCompared to industry
The company is making a huge profit.
Using its assets, the company is less efficient in making profit.
Using its investors money, the company is less efficient in making profit.
Operating Efficiency Details
 Compared to previous yearCompared to industry
The company is operating less efficient.
The company is inefficient in keeping operating costs low.
Liquidity Details
 Compared to previous yearCompared to industry
The company is able to pay all its short-term debts.
The company is just not able to pay all its short-term debts with the most liquid assets.
Solvency Details
 Compared to previous yearCompared to industry
The company is very able to pay all its debts by selling its assets.
The company is very able to pay all its debts with equity.

Valuation

Valuation Details
 Compared to previous yearCompared to industry
Based on the equity, the company is underpriced.
Based on the earnings, the company is underpriced.
Based on how much money comes from the company's main activities, the company is cheap.
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1.1. Profitability of Ledesma SAAI.

1.1. Profitability
1.1.1. Net Profit Margin

Measures how much net profit Ledesma earns for each $1 of revenue.

  • Above 10% is considered healthy but always compare Ledesma to the Farm Products industry mean.
  • A Net Profit Margin of 24.9% means that $0.25 for each $1 in revenue is generated as profit.

Let's take a look of the Net Profit Margin trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The MRQ is 24.9%. The company is making a huge profit. +2
  • The TTM is 12.2%. The company is making a huge profit. +2
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
MRQ24.9%TTM12.2%+12.8%
TTM12.2%YOY7.0%+5.1%
TTM12.2%5Y6.7%+5.5%
5Y6.7%10Y7.0%-0.3%
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
MRQ24.9%1.7%+23.2%
TTM12.2%1.8%+10.4%
YOY7.0%3.4%+3.6%
5Y6.7%2.1%+4.6%
10Y7.0%2.8%+4.2%
1.1.2. Return on Assets

Shows how efficient Ledesma is using its assets to generate profit.

  • Above 5% is considered healthy but always compare Ledesma to the Farm Products industry mean.
  • 8.9% Return on Assets means that Ledesma generated $0.09 profit for each $1 in assets.

Let's take a look of the Return on Assets trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The MRQ is 8.9%. Using its assets, the company is efficient in making profit. +1
  • The TTM is 4.7%. Using its assets, the company is less efficient in making profit.
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
MRQ8.9%TTM4.7%+4.2%
TTM4.7%YOY2.6%+2.1%
TTM4.7%5Y2.2%+2.4%
5Y2.2%10Y2.3%-0.1%
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
MRQ8.9%0.5%+8.4%
TTM4.7%0.7%+4.0%
YOY2.6%1.4%+1.2%
5Y2.2%0.7%+1.5%
10Y2.3%1.0%+1.3%
1.1.3. Return on Equity

Shows how efficient Ledesma is using its investors money to generate profit.

  • Above 15%-20% is considered healthy but always compare Ledesma to the Farm Products industry mean.
  • 15.5% Return on Equity means Ledesma generated $0.15 for each $1 the owners (shareholders) invested.

Let's take a look of the Return on Equity trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The MRQ is 15.5%. Using its investors money, the company is efficient in making profit. +1
  • The TTM is 8.0%. Using its investors money, the company is less efficient in making profit.
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
MRQ15.5%TTM8.0%+7.4%
TTM8.0%YOY5.2%+2.8%
TTM8.0%5Y4.5%+3.5%
5Y4.5%10Y7.7%-3.2%
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
MRQ15.5%1.2%+14.3%
TTM8.0%1.7%+6.3%
YOY5.2%2.3%+2.9%
5Y4.5%1.4%+3.1%
10Y7.7%2.0%+5.7%
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1.2. Operating Efficiency of Ledesma SAAI.

1.2. Operating Efficiency
1.2.1. Operating Margin

Measures how efficient Ledesma is operating .

  • Measures how much profit Ledesma makes for each $1 of sales after paying variable costs (production costs, wages, etc) but before taxes.
  • Above 15% is considered healthy but always compare Ledesma to the Farm Products industry mean.
  • An Operating Margin of 0.0% means the company generated $0.00  for each $1 in revenue (before taxes).

Let's take a look of the Operating Margin trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The MRQ is 0.0%. The data is not here.
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
MRQ-TTM8.9%-8.9%
TTM8.9%YOY11.4%-2.5%
TTM8.9%5Y9.8%-0.9%
5Y9.8%10Y10.4%-0.7%
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
MRQ-3.5%-3.5%
TTM8.9%3.0%+5.9%
YOY11.4%5.1%+6.3%
5Y9.8%4.1%+5.7%
10Y10.4%3.5%+6.9%
1.2.2. Operating Ratio

Measures how efficient Ledesma is keeping operating costs low.

  • Below 1 is considered healthy (always compare to Farm Products industry mean).
  • An Operation Ratio of 1.18 means that the operating costs are $1.18 for each $1 in net sales.

Let's take a look of the Operating Ratio trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The MRQ is 1.179. The company is inefficient in keeping operating costs low. -1
  • The TTM is 1.474. The company is inefficient in keeping operating costs low. -1
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
MRQ1.179TTM1.474-0.295
TTM1.474YOY1.565-0.090
TTM1.4745Y1.530-0.055
5Y1.53010Y1.516+0.013
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
MRQ1.1791.586-0.407
TTM1.4741.602-0.128
YOY1.5651.522+0.043
5Y1.5301.566-0.036
10Y1.5161.292+0.224
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1.3. Liquidity of Ledesma SAAI.

1.3. Liquidity
1.3.1. Current Ratio

Measures if Ledesma is able to pay off Short-term Debt.

  • Above 1.5 is considered healthy (always compare to Farm Products industry mean).
  • A Current Ratio of 1.69 means the company has $1.69 in assets for each $1 in short-term debts.

Let's take a look of the Current Ratio trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The MRQ is 1.693. The company is able to pay all its short-term debts. +1
  • The TTM is 1.759. The company is able to pay all its short-term debts. +1
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
MRQ1.693TTM1.759-0.067
TTM1.759YOY1.731+0.029
TTM1.7595Y1.544+0.216
5Y1.54410Y1.514+0.029
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
MRQ1.6931.584+0.109
TTM1.7591.611+0.148
YOY1.7311.722+0.009
5Y1.5441.696-0.152
10Y1.5141.426+0.088
1.3.2. Quick Ratio

Measures if Ledesma is able to pay off Short-term Debt but only using the most liquid assets.

  • Above 1 is considered healthy but always compare Ledesma to the Farm Products industry mean.
  • A Quick Ratio of 0.53 means the company can pay off $0.53 for each $1 in debt (using most liquid assets).

Let's take a look of the Quick Ratio trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The MRQ is 0.529. The company is just not able to pay all its short-term debts with the most liquid assets. -1
  • The TTM is 0.550. The company is just not able to pay all its short-term debts with the most liquid assets. -1
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
MRQ0.529TTM0.550-0.020
TTM0.550YOY0.530+0.019
TTM0.5505Y0.447+0.102
5Y0.44710Y0.441+0.007
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
MRQ0.5290.426+0.103
TTM0.5500.460+0.090
YOY0.5300.569-0.039
5Y0.4470.591-0.144
10Y0.4410.601-0.160
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1.4. Solvency of Ledesma SAAI.

1.3. Liquidity
1.4.1. Debt to Asset Ratio

Measures how much % of Ledesma assets are financed with debt.

  • Below 1 (100%) is considered healthy but always compare Ledesma to Farm Products industry mean.
  • A Debt to Asset Ratio of 0.42 means that Ledesma assets are financed with 42.2% credit (debt) and the remaining percentage (100% - 42.2%) is financed by its owners/shareholders. 

Let's take a look of the Debt to Asset Ratio trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The MRQ is 0.422. The company is very able to pay all its debts by selling its assets. +2
  • The TTM is 0.427. The company is very able to pay all its debts by selling its assets. +2
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
MRQ0.422TTM0.427-0.004
TTM0.427YOY0.511-0.085
TTM0.4275Y0.587-0.160
5Y0.58710Y0.604-0.017
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
MRQ0.4220.492-0.070
TTM0.4270.493-0.066
YOY0.5110.491+0.020
5Y0.5870.490+0.097
10Y0.6040.480+0.124
1.4.2. Debt to Equity Ratio

Measures if Ledesma is able to pay off its debts by using shareholders equity.

  • Below 2 is considered healthy but always compare Ledesma to the Farm Products industry mean.
  • A Debt to Equity ratio of 73.1% means that company has $0.73 debt for each $1 in shareholders equity.

Let's take a look of the Debt to Equity Ratio trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The MRQ is 0.731. The company is very able to pay all its debts with equity. +2
  • The TTM is 0.748. The company is very able to pay all its debts with equity. +2
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
MRQ0.731TTM0.748-0.018
TTM0.748YOY1.052-0.304
TTM0.7485Y1.657-0.908
5Y1.65710Y2.356-0.700
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
MRQ0.7310.940-0.209
TTM0.7480.974-0.226
YOY1.0520.960+0.092
5Y1.6571.008+0.649
10Y2.3561.059+1.297
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2. Market Valuation of Ledesma SAAI

2.1. Earnings Per Share
2.1. Price to Earnings Ratio

Measures how much money you pay for each share for every $1 in earnings Ledesma generates.

  • Above 15 is considered overpriced but always compare Ledesma to the Farm Products industry mean.
  • A PE ratio of 2.49 means the investor is paying $2.49 for every $1 in earnings.

Let's take a look of the Price to Earnings Ratio trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The EOD is 4.134. Based on the earnings, the company is cheap. +2
  • The MRQ is 2.493. Based on the earnings, the company is cheap. +2
  • The TTM is 9.522. Based on the earnings, the company is underpriced. +1
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
EOD4.134MRQ2.493+1.640
MRQ2.493TTM9.522-7.029
TTM9.522YOY12.237-2.715
TTM9.5225Y7.074+2.448
5Y7.07410Y6.859+0.215
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
EOD4.1347.388-3.254
MRQ2.4938.033-5.540
TTM9.5227.769+1.753
YOY12.2377.903+4.334
5Y7.0747.511-0.437
10Y6.85914.599-7.740
2.2. Price To Free Cash Flow Ratio

Let's take a look of the Price To Free Cash Flow Ratio trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The EOD is 77.224. Based on how much money comes from the company's main activities, the company is overpriced. -1
  • The MRQ is 46.580. Based on how much money comes from the company's main activities, the company is fair priced.
  • The TTM is 6.216. Based on how much money comes from the company's main activities, the company is cheap. +2
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
EOD77.224MRQ46.580+30.644
MRQ46.580TTM6.216+40.364
TTM6.216YOY-1.422+7.638
TTM6.2165Y1.675+4.541
5Y1.67510Y1.628+0.047
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
EOD77.2240.828+76.396
MRQ46.5801.212+45.368
TTM6.216-0.803+7.019
YOY-1.422-0.608-0.814
5Y1.675-0.724+2.399
10Y1.628-1.397+3.025
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2. Book Value per Share
2.3. Price to Book Ratio

Measures if the stock price of Ledesma is to cheap or to expensive compared to its book value.

  • At or below 1 is considered healthy (always compare to Farm Products industry mean).
  • A PB ratio of 1.54 means the investor is paying $1.54 for each $1 in book value.

Let's take a look of the Price to Book Ratio trends of Ledesma SAAI:

  • The EOD is 2.557. Based on the equity, the company is underpriced. +1
  • The MRQ is 1.543. Based on the equity, the company is underpriced. +1
  • The TTM is 1.580. Based on the equity, the company is underpriced. +1
Trends
Current periodCompared to+/- 
EOD2.557MRQ1.543+1.015
MRQ1.543TTM1.580-0.037
TTM1.580YOY1.132+0.448
TTM1.5805Y1.179+0.400
5Y1.17910Y1.468-0.289
Compared to industry (Farm Products)
PeriodCompanyIndustry (mean)+/- 
EOD2.5571.275+1.282
MRQ1.5431.390+0.153
TTM1.5801.421+0.159
YOY1.1321.767-0.635
5Y1.1791.782-0.603
10Y1.4682.139-0.671
2. Total Gains per Share
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3. Summary

3.1. Key Performance Indicators

The key performance indicators of Ledesma SAAI compared to the Most Recent Quarter (MRQ).

 End of day+/-Most Recent QuarterTrailing 12 Months+/-Year-Over-Year+/-5 Year+/-10 Year+/-
Book Value Change Per Share--127.65763.175+102%16.822+659%18.388+594%17.596+625%
Book Value Per Share--369.523236.102+57%87.226+324%80.259+360%76.521+383%
Current Ratio--1.6931.759-4%1.731-2%1.544+10%1.514+12%
Debt To Asset Ratio--0.4220.427-1%0.511-17%0.587-28%0.604-30%
Debt To Equity Ratio--0.7310.748-2%1.052-31%1.657-56%2.356-69%
Dividend Per Share---4.675-100%0.259-100%1.038-100%0.988-100%
Eps--57.14923.713+141%4.267+1239%5.917+866%5.695+904%
Free Cash Flow Per Share--3.05911.991-74%1.645+86%2.619+17%2.713+13%
Free Cash Flow To Equity Per Share--3.059-0.416+114%-0.049+102%-1.418+146%-1.336+144%
Gross Profit Margin--1.0001.0000%1.0000%1.0000%1.0000%
Intrinsic Value_10Y_max--686.491--------
Intrinsic Value_10Y_min--576.199--------
Intrinsic Value_1Y_max--25.123--------
Intrinsic Value_1Y_min--24.652--------
Intrinsic Value_3Y_max--108.766--------
Intrinsic Value_3Y_min--103.165--------
Intrinsic Value_5Y_max--232.531--------
Intrinsic Value_5Y_min--212.965--------
Market Cap415529714880.000+40%250637124780.000167393720069.625+50%43784546842.050+472%49798741061.720+403%47694341644.305+426%
Net Profit Margin--0.2490.122+105%0.070+254%0.067+272%0.070+255%
Operating Margin---0.089-100%0.114-100%0.098-100%0.104-100%
Operating Ratio--1.1791.474-20%1.565-25%1.530-23%1.516-22%
Pb Ratio2.557+40%1.5431.580-2%1.132+36%1.179+31%1.468+5%
Pe Ratio4.134+40%2.4939.522-74%12.237-80%7.074-65%6.859-64%
Price Per Share945.000+40%570.000380.688+50%99.575+472%113.253+403%108.467+426%
Price To Free Cash Flow Ratio77.224+40%46.5806.216+649%-1.422+103%1.675+2682%1.628+2761%
Price To Total Gains Ratio7.403+40%4.4655.922-25%6.017-26%6.835-35%6.854-35%
Quick Ratio--0.5290.550-4%0.5300%0.447+18%0.441+20%
Return On Assets--0.0890.047+91%0.026+243%0.022+299%0.023+284%
Return On Equity--0.1550.080+93%0.052+199%0.045+245%0.077+102%
Total Gains Per Share--127.65767.850+88%17.081+647%19.426+557%18.584+587%
Usd Book Value--194981685.600124580671.200+57%46025426.400+324%42349383.660+360%40376929.486+383%
Usd Book Value Change Per Share--0.1530.076+102%0.020+659%0.022+594%0.021+625%
Usd Book Value Per Share--0.4430.283+57%0.105+324%0.096+360%0.092+383%
Usd Dividend Per Share---0.006-100%0.000-100%0.001-100%0.001-100%
Usd Eps--0.0690.028+141%0.005+1239%0.007+866%0.007+904%
Usd Free Cash Flow--1614252.0006327339.300-74%868125.900+86%1381855.380+17%1431752.914+13%
Usd Free Cash Flow Per Share--0.0040.014-74%0.002+86%0.003+17%0.003+13%
Usd Free Cash Flow To Equity Per Share--0.0040.000+114%0.000+102%-0.002+146%-0.002+144%
Usd Market Cap498635657.856+40%300764549.736200872464.084+50%52541456.210+472%59758489.274+403%57233209.973+426%
Usd Price Per Share1.134+40%0.6840.457+50%0.119+472%0.136+403%0.130+426%
Usd Profit--30155314.80011446302.900+163%2146986.300+1305%3068084.580+883%2953352.514+921%
Usd Revenue--120964707.60083408267.700+45%30632850.000+295%29566267.320+309%28394569.314+326%
Usd Total Gains Per Share--0.1530.081+88%0.020+647%0.023+557%0.022+587%
 EOD+4 -4MRQTTM+24 -11YOY+26 -95Y+28 -710Y+28 -7

3.2. Fundamental Score

Let's check the fundamental score of Ledesma SAAI based on Penke's default stock scanner.

Penke's Stock Scanner

  
  
IndicatorConditionValue
Price to Earnings Ratio (EOD)Between0-154.134
Price to Book Ratio (EOD)Between0-12.557
Net Profit Margin (MRQ)Greater than00.249
Operating Margin (MRQ)Greater than00.000
Quick Ratio (MRQ)Greater than10.529
Current Ratio (MRQ)Greater than11.693
Debt to Asset Ratio (MRQ)Less than10.422
Debt to Equity Ratio (MRQ)Less than10.731
Return on Equity (MRQ)Greater than0.150.155
Return on Assets (MRQ)Greater than0.050.089
Total7/10 (70.0%)

3.3. Technical Score

Let's check the technical score of Ledesma SAAI based on Penke's default Symbol scanner.

Penke's Symbol Scanner

  
  
IndicatorConditionValue
RsiGreater than5048.233
Ma 20Greater thanMa 501,005.675
Ma 50Greater thanMa 100901.360
Ma 100Greater thanMa 200694.800
OpenGreater thanClose970.000
Total4/5 (80.0%)



Latest Balance Sheet

Balance Sheet of 2023-11-30. Currency in ARS. All numbers in thousands.

Summary
Total Assets281,201,950
Total Liabilities118,717,212
Total Stockholder Equity162,484,738
 As reported
Total Liabilities 118,717,212
Total Stockholder Equity+ 162,484,738
Total Assets = 281,201,950

Assets

Total Assets281,201,950
Total Current Assets166,122,560
Long-term Assets115,079,390
Total Current Assets
Cash And Cash Equivalents 11,349,190
Short-term Investments 1,139,033
Net Receivables 50,792,161
Inventory 82,335,326
Other Current Assets 15,390,186
Total Current Assets  (as reported)166,122,560
Total Current Assets  (calculated)161,005,896
+/- 5,116,664
Long-term Assets
Property Plant Equipment 100,793,990
Long-term Assets Other 8,341,332
Long-term Assets  (as reported)115,079,390
Long-term Assets  (calculated)109,135,322
+/- 5,944,068

Liabilities & Shareholders' Equity

Total Current Liabilities98,132,191
Long-term Liabilities20,585,021
Total Stockholder Equity162,484,738
Total Current Liabilities
Short Long Term Debt 22,741,540
Accounts payable 15,132,192
Total Current Liabilities  (as reported)98,132,191
Total Current Liabilities  (calculated)37,873,732
+/- 60,258,459
Long-term Liabilities
Long term Debt 9,744,554
Capital Lease Obligations Min Short Term Debt2,207,024
Long-term Liabilities  (as reported)20,585,021
Long-term Liabilities  (calculated)11,951,578
+/- 8,633,443
Total Stockholder Equity
Retained Earnings 27,639,522
Total Stockholder Equity (as reported)162,484,738
Total Stockholder Equity (calculated)27,639,522
+/- 134,845,216
Other
Capital Stock439,714
Common Stock Shares Outstanding 439,714
Net Debt 21,136,904
Net Invested Capital 194,970,832
Net Working Capital 67,990,369
Property Plant and Equipment Gross 100,793,990



Balance Sheet

Currency in ARS. All numbers in thousands.

 Trend2023-11-302023-08-312023-05-312023-02-282022-11-302022-08-312022-05-312022-02-282021-11-302021-08-312021-05-312021-02-282020-11-302020-08-312020-05-312020-02-292019-11-302019-08-312019-05-312019-02-282018-11-30
> Total Assets 
13,415,979
17,138,813
17,783,783
24,640,436
26,452,144
26,846,303
27,158,296
31,930,045
36,677,727
37,440,114
39,019,581
48,667,502
54,767,991
55,896,154
63,935,292
89,023,782
105,860,399
112,138,129
134,262,181
200,097,126
281,201,950
281,201,950200,097,126134,262,181112,138,129105,860,39989,023,78263,935,29255,896,15454,767,99148,667,50239,019,58137,440,11436,677,72731,930,04527,158,29626,846,30326,452,14424,640,43617,783,78317,138,81313,415,979
   > Total Current Assets 
9,507,320
9,598,654
9,965,915
15,965,189
16,122,625
15,652,221
14,920,905
19,036,584
22,504,159
21,243,603
20,137,284
28,745,518
33,036,470
31,846,968
34,291,787
54,520,886
65,955,510
64,540,577
70,803,331
119,029,928
166,122,560
166,122,560119,029,92870,803,33164,540,57765,955,51054,520,88634,291,78731,846,96833,036,47028,745,51820,137,28421,243,60322,504,15919,036,58414,920,90515,652,22116,122,62515,965,1899,965,9159,598,6549,507,320
       Cash And Cash Equivalents 
293,832
370,161
428,750
3,565,154
1,109,409
498,279
327,062
614,145
343,153
1,310,926
1,776,359
525,522
1,046,621
1,581,637
1,629,458
2,636,951
2,718,252
2,229,391
7,592,433
7,478,095
11,349,190
11,349,1907,478,0957,592,4332,229,3912,718,2522,636,9511,629,4581,581,6371,046,621525,5221,776,3591,310,926343,153614,145327,062498,2791,109,4093,565,154428,750370,161293,832
       Short-term Investments 
238,244
258,276
345,573
68,809
68,535
81,006
238,654
302,785
1,199,330
97,455
0
0
712,969
112,841
14,971
602,145
0
886,329
274,999
1,066,020
1,139,033
1,139,0331,066,020274,999886,3290602,14514,971112,841712,9690097,4551,199,330302,785238,65481,00668,53568,809345,573258,276238,244
       Net Receivables 
2,912,410
2,261,010
2,185,970
3,252,545
3,524,946
4,004,483
4,039,342
4,849,896
5,977,406
6,136,049
5,290,375
7,847,973
10,507,841
10,687,990
9,967,566
15,277,793
20,287,013
21,308,388
18,189,776
38,547,325
50,792,161
50,792,16138,547,32518,189,77621,308,38820,287,01315,277,7939,967,56610,687,99010,507,8417,847,9735,290,3756,136,0495,977,4064,849,8964,039,3424,004,4833,524,9463,252,5452,185,9702,261,0102,912,410
       Inventory 
5,742,696
5,791,566
5,603,362
7,350,002
9,493,173
9,123,098
8,604,708
11,490,192
14,374,986
13,395,301
12,671,500
18,792,230
20,726,756
18,639,984
21,751,851
35,125,908
40,695,796
34,108,108
31,180,124
57,858,566
82,335,326
82,335,32657,858,56631,180,12434,108,10840,695,79635,125,90821,751,85118,639,98420,726,75618,792,23012,671,50013,395,30114,374,98611,490,1928,604,7089,123,0989,493,1737,350,0025,603,3625,791,5665,742,696
       Other Current Assets 
229,727
71,551
1,371,937
395,077
1,889,284
1,985,583
1,840,987
2,020,986
477,803
294,078
399,050
872
755,252
631,230
742,907
1,299,677
1,807,695
6,584,269
13,585,854
15,043,039
15,390,186
15,390,18615,043,03913,585,8546,584,2691,807,6951,299,677742,907631,230755,252872399,050294,078477,8032,020,9861,840,9871,985,5831,889,284395,0771,371,93771,551229,727
   > Long-term Assets 
0
316
7,817,868
8,675,247
10,329,519
11,194,082
12,237,391
12,893,461
14,148,181
16,163,533
18,882,297
19,921,984
21,731,521
24,049,186
29,643,505
34,502,896
39,904,889
47,597,552
63,458,850
81,067,198
115,079,390
115,079,39081,067,19863,458,85047,597,55239,904,88934,502,89629,643,50524,049,18621,731,52119,921,98418,882,29716,163,53314,148,18112,893,46112,237,39111,194,08210,329,5198,675,2477,817,8683160
       Property Plant Equipment 
1,733,235
5,980,607
6,800,767
7,568,575
8,999,765
9,854,630
10,744,793
11,389,483
12,413,183
14,310,834
16,794,836
0
19,747,824
21,954,370
26,678,758
31,650,023
37,697,781
44,541,262
56,968,955
72,071,141
100,793,990
100,793,99072,071,14156,968,95544,541,26237,697,78131,650,02326,678,75821,954,37019,747,824016,794,83614,310,83412,413,18311,389,48310,744,7939,854,6308,999,7657,568,5756,800,7675,980,6071,733,235
       Long Term Investments 
963,358
907,203
296,005
310,461
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
00000000000000000310,461296,005907,203963,358
       Intangible Assets 
5,555
13,674
15,290
9,037
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
000000000000000009,03715,29013,6745,555
       Long-term Assets Other 
0
7,540,159
7,817,868
60,102
91,947
129,702
0
700
700
5,617
8,312
10,955
6,425
6,044
2,741
6,736
2,656
530
3,502,040
4,323,662
8,341,332
8,341,3324,323,6623,502,0405302,6566,7362,7416,0446,42510,9558,3125,6177007000129,70291,94760,1027,817,8687,540,1590
> Total Liabilities 
12,642,774
12,069,512
12,300,786
19,730,392
19,820,254
19,347,519
18,533,041
22,585,625
23,397,946
21,376,539
20,995,852
28,242,191
32,987,009
29,975,484
29,636,495
47,194,124
54,491,436
48,199,047
51,769,387
93,744,836
118,717,212
118,717,21293,744,83651,769,38748,199,04754,491,43647,194,12429,636,49529,975,48432,987,00928,242,19120,995,85221,376,53923,397,94622,585,62518,533,04119,347,51919,820,25419,730,39212,300,78612,069,51212,642,774
   > Total Current Liabilities 
10,234,945
8,433,265
8,955,320
13,396,710
12,497,252
11,503,035
10,029,720
13,656,965
13,913,839
12,542,087
11,790,702
19,605,047
22,786,975
20,343,189
18,503,533
32,239,892
36,362,924
33,178,230
38,796,800
75,594,701
98,132,191
98,132,19175,594,70138,796,80033,178,23036,362,92432,239,89218,503,53320,343,18922,786,97519,605,04711,790,70212,542,08713,913,83913,656,96510,029,72011,503,03512,497,25213,396,7108,955,3208,433,26510,234,945
       Short-term Debt 
5,507,078
5,621,292
5,552,174
7,925,254
6,991,711
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
00000000000000006,991,7117,925,2545,552,1745,621,2925,507,078
       Short Long Term Debt 
5,507,078
5,621,292
5,552,174
7,925,254
6,991,711
6,788,756
4,966,024
6,913,819
5,031,747
5,549,382
4,119,617
7,621,980
10,310,985
9,109,891
5,554,613
9,619,271
10,957,300
12,966,220
12,817,623
17,050,357
22,741,540
22,741,54017,050,35712,817,62312,966,22010,957,3009,619,2715,554,6139,109,89110,310,9857,621,9804,119,6175,549,3825,031,7476,913,8194,966,0246,788,7566,991,7117,925,2545,552,1745,621,2925,507,078
       Accounts payable 
1,789,102
927,248
2,427,350
3,189,230
2,699,335
2,592,634
2,570,563
3,207,218
3,131,070
2,541,350
3,771,619
5,258,908
4,619,879
3,787,399
6,291,985
9,282,610
7,992,205
8,086,134
11,604,892
19,547,672
15,132,192
15,132,19219,547,67211,604,8928,086,1347,992,2059,282,6106,291,9853,787,3994,619,8795,258,9083,771,6192,541,3503,131,0703,207,2182,570,5632,592,6342,699,3353,189,2302,427,350927,2481,789,102
       Other Current Liabilities 
1,495,063
768,467
415,190
899,819
1,736,389
1,098,147
850,230
1,821,996
3,730,707
2,471,888
1,618,959
47,705
4,842,713
4,336,230
2,797,943
8,820,914
10,786,472
6,357,917
6,644,284
25,671,943
0
025,671,9436,644,2846,357,91710,786,4728,820,9142,797,9434,336,2304,842,71347,7051,618,9592,471,8883,730,7071,821,996850,2301,098,1471,736,389899,819415,190768,4671,495,063
   > Long-term Liabilities 
0
3,636,247
3,345,466
6,333,682
7,323,002
7,844,484
8,503,321
8,928,660
9,484,107
8,834,452
9,205,150
8,637,144
10,200,034
9,632,295
11,132,962
14,954,232
18,128,512
15,020,817
12,972,587
18,150,135
20,585,021
20,585,02118,150,13512,972,58715,020,81718,128,51214,954,23211,132,9629,632,29510,200,0348,637,1449,205,1508,834,4529,484,1078,928,6608,503,3217,844,4847,323,0026,333,6823,345,4663,636,2470
       Capital Lease Obligations 
0
0
0
354,778
514,775
555,997
546,676
550,348
609,230
644,122
652,926
659,116
744,036
733,260
931,184
1,019,214
1,242,665
1,304,184
1,277,157
2,278,899
2,207,024
2,207,0242,278,8991,277,1571,304,1841,242,6651,019,214931,184733,260744,036659,116652,926644,122609,230550,348546,676555,997514,775354,778000
> Total Stockholder Equity
773,205
5,069,301
5,482,997
4,910,044
6,631,890
7,498,784
8,625,255
9,344,420
13,279,781
16,063,575
18,023,729
20,425,311
21,780,982
25,920,670
34,298,797
41,829,658
51,368,963
63,939,082
82,492,794
106,352,290
162,484,738
162,484,738106,352,29082,492,79463,939,08251,368,96341,829,65834,298,79725,920,67021,780,98220,425,31118,023,72916,063,57513,279,7819,344,4208,625,2557,498,7846,631,8904,910,0445,482,9975,069,301773,205
   Common Stock
439,714
439,714
439,714
439,714
439,714
439,714
439,714
439,714
439,714
439,714
439,714
0
439,714
439,714
439,714
439,714
439,714
0
439,714
439,714
0
0439,714439,7140439,714439,714439,714439,714439,7140439,714439,714439,714439,714439,714439,714439,714439,714439,714439,714439,714
   Retained Earnings 
-132,939
-5,664,395
-1,814,720
-3,103,498
-491,817
75,810
637,069
801,988
3,834,626
5,519,946
6,149,299
6,433,296
7,520,736
10,040,814
15,147,729
18,713,682
23,634,894
6,210,512
41,495,729
54,408,589
27,639,522
27,639,52254,408,58941,495,7296,210,51223,634,89418,713,68215,147,72910,040,8147,520,7366,433,2966,149,2995,519,9463,834,626801,988637,06975,810-491,817-3,103,498-1,814,720-5,664,395-132,939
   Capital Surplus 000000000000000000000
   Treasury Stock000000000000000000000
   Other Stockholders Equity 
466,430
10,293,982
6,570,698
7,258,440
6,683,993
6,983,260
7,548,472
8,102,718
9,005,441
10,103,915
11,434,716
0
13,820,532
15,440,142
18,711,354
22,676,262
27,294,355
0
40,557,351
51,503,987
0
051,503,98740,557,351027,294,35522,676,26218,711,35415,440,14213,820,532011,434,71610,103,9159,005,4418,102,7187,548,4726,983,2606,683,9937,258,4406,570,69810,293,982466,430



Balance Sheet

Currency in ARS. All numbers in thousands.




Cash Flow

Currency in ARS. All numbers in thousands.




Income Statement

Currency in ARS. All numbers in thousands.


Latest Income Statement (annual, 2023-05-31)

Gross Profit (+$)
totalRevenue177,481,599
Cost of Revenue-121,160,702
Gross Profit56,320,89756,320,897
 
Operating Income (+$)
Gross Profit56,320,897
Operating Expense-161,534,634
Operating Income15,946,965-105,213,737
 
Operating Expense (+$)
Research Development0
Selling General Administrative21,099,946
Selling And Marketing Expenses0
Operating Expense161,534,63421,099,946
 
Net Interest Income (+$)
Interest Income913,689
Interest Expense-2,114,002
Other Finance Cost-5,938,409
Net Interest Income4,738,096
 
Pretax Income (+$)
Operating Income15,946,965
Net Interest Income4,738,096
Other Non-Operating Income Expenses0
Income Before Tax (EBT)20,000,50615,946,965
EBIT - interestExpense = 15,739,880
20,000,506
15,695,506
Interest Expense2,114,002
Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT)17,853,88222,114,508
Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBITDA)29,118,088
 
After tax Income (+$)
Income Before Tax20,000,506
Tax Provision-6,419,002
Net Income From Continuing Ops13,581,50413,581,504
Net Income13,581,504
Net Income Applicable To Common Shares13,581,504
 
Non-recurring Events
Discontinued Operations0
Extraordinary Items0
Effect of Accounting Charges0
Other Items0
Non Recurring0
Other Operating Expenses5,466,372
Total Other Income/Expenses Net0-4,738,096
 

Technical Analysis of Ledesma
The psychology behind the price

Technical indicators reflecting market sentiment and the collective psychology of you and other traders. Your emotions and other traders' emotions, such as fear and greed, play a significant role in driving price movements.

General trend

First of all, I'm going to put something in the back of your mind. One of the most stable factors that gives you more confidence as a trader: the general trend of Ledesma. The general trend of Ledesma is BULLISH with 71.4% confidence. It is very important for your mental being to use each indicator with this in mind. But beware, also the general trend flips once in a while! You can use moving averages to determine Ledesma's overall trend. For convenience I use the most commonly used moving averages: 20, 50, 100 & 200. Of course you can use other moving averages or other indicators to determine the trend.

Indicator phases

Some of the indicators I use have 3 zones: overbought, oversold and neutral. Transitions between these zones (market phases) provide valuable trading signals and insights. Expecially with the general trend mind, I use the highlighted phases:

Indicator zone transitionsBullish trend (71.4%) Bearish trend (-71.4%)
Overbought to neutralBullish pullback=Bearish reversal
Upper to lower neutralBullish correction=Bearish continuation
Nuetral to oversoldOversold=Oversold
Oversold to neutralBullish reversal=Bearish correction
Lower to upper neutralBullish continuation=Bearish pullback
Nuetral to overboughtOverbought=Overbought

1. Price Targets

1.1 Support & Resistance

Support and resistance are levels on a price chart that act as barriers or zones where the price of an asset tends to stop, reverse, or experience a significant amount of buying or selling pressure.

Support is a price level at which demand for an asset is strong enough to prevent the price from falling further.
Resistance is a price level at which selling pressure becomes significant enough to prevent the price of an asset from rising further.


Score

Let's take a look at the Support & Resistance of Ledesma SAAI.

The long score for the Support & Resistance is 0/1.
The longshort score for the Support & Resistance is 0/(-1 +1).

  • Between support/resistance: The price is trading between support and resistance lines.

The bullish price targets are: 1,116 < 1,166.

The bearish price targets are: 860.00 > 798.00 > 663.00.

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Ledesma SAAI Daily Support & Resistance Chart

2. Trend Indicators

2.1 Moving Averages

Shows the moving average of the selected period.

  • Moving averages are lagging trend indicators.
  • There are many types of moving averages.
  • Moving averages are also used within other indicators.

Score

Let's take a look at the Moving Averages of Ledesma SAAI. The current mas is .

The long score for the Moving Averages is 12/14.
The longshort score for the Moving Averages is 10/(-14 +14).

  • MA 20 trending down: The MA 20 is trending down. -1
  • Close < MA 20: The price is below the MA 20. -1
  • MA 20 > MA 50: The MA 20 is higher than the MA 50. +1
  • MA 20 > MA 100: The MA 20 is higher than the MA 100. +1
  • MA 20 > MA 200: The MA 20 is higher than the MA 200. +1
  • MA 50 trending up: The MA 50 is trending up. +1
  • Close > MA 50: The price is above the MA 50. +1
  • MA 50 > MA 100: The MA 50 is higher than the MA 100. +1
  • MA 50 > MA 200: The MA 50 is higher than the MA 200. +1
  • MA 100 trending up: The MA 100 is trending up. +1
  • Close > MA 100: The price is above the MA 100. +1
  • MA 100 > MA 200: The MA 100 is higher than the MA 200. +1
  • MA 200 trending up: The MA 200 is trending up. +1
  • Close > MA 200: The price is above the MA 200. +1

Directionalities and relatives.

Moving AverageAmount of candlesTrendPrice +/-vs. MA 50vs. MA 100vs. MA 200
MA 2020
MA 5050-
MA 100100--
MA 200200---

Explanation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xwW8h0lrQ-I

Ledesma SAAI Daily Moving Averages Chart
2.2 Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD)

Shows the momentum of the selected period based on two moving averages.

  • MACD is a lagging momentum indicator.
  • Uses two moving averages.
  • Can show buy or sell signals based on momentum.
  • Can show overbought. and oversold. levels.

Score

Let's take a look at the Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD) of Ledesma SAAI. The current macd is 5.29628874.

The long score for the Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD) is 1/4.
The longshort score for the Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD) is -2/(-4 +4).

  • MACD line < signal line: The MACD line is below the signal line, which indicates a bearish signal in the market. This means that the negative momentum is currently stronger than the average momentum, suggesting that sellers are more active than buyers, and there's a higher probability of the Ledesma price going down in the near term. -2
  • MACD > 0: The MACD is above the zero line (centerline), it indicates a bullish signal for Ledesma. This means that the short-term moving average is higher than the long-term moving average, signaling positive momentum and suggesting a higher likelihood of the Ledesma price continuing to rise in the near future. It indicates that buyers are gaining control, and there is optimism in the market, leading to potential price increases. +1
  • Trending down: The MACD line is trending down. This indicates that the short-term moving average is falling faster than the long-term moving average, suggesting negative momentum in the market. This signals that sellers are becoming more active and insecure, leading to potential price decreases as traders anticipate further losses and are willing to sell at lower prices. -1
Ledesma SAAI Daily Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD) ChartLedesma SAAI Daily Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD) Chart
2.3 Directional Movement Index (DMI)

The DMI is a collection of 3 indicators: +DI (Plus Direction Indicator), -DI (Minus Direction Indicator) and ADX (Average Directional Index). The ADX helps you determine the strength of a trend.


Score

Let's take a look at the Directional Movement Index (DMI) of Ledesma SAAI. The current adx is 20.19.

The long score for the Directional Movement Index (DMI) is 0/7.
The longshort score for the Directional Movement Index (DMI) is -1/(-7 +7).

  • PLUS_ID < MINUS_DI: The +DI line is below the -DI line. This indicates a bearish signal in the market, as the negative directional movement is currently stronger than the positive directional movement, showing that sellers have the upper hand. Market psychology suggests that traders are pessimistic, expecting further price decreases, and are more willing to sell Ledesma shares, leading to potential downward momentum in its price. -1
  • PLUS_ID < MINUS_DI && ADX < 25 && ADX trending down: The ADX is below 25 and indicates a weak or no trend. Also, the ADX is declining so there is no trend indication.
Ledesma SAAI Daily Directional Movement Index (DMI) Chart
2.4 Parabolic SAR

Shows the current trend and potential entry and exit signals.

  • Parabolic SAR (stop and reverse) is a lagging trend indicator.
  • Shows the current trend.
  • Shows potential entry signals.
  • Shows  potential exit signals.
  • Can be used to place trailing stoplosses..

Score

Let's take a look at the Parabolic SAR of Ledesma SAAI. The current sar is 1,022.

The long score for the Parabolic SAR is 0/1.
The longshort score for the Parabolic SAR is -1/(-1 +1).

  • Close < SAR: The price is below the SAR. It's generally considered a bearish signal. -1
Ledesma SAAI Daily Parabolic SAR Chart
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3. Momentum Indicators

3.1 Relative Strength Index (RSI)

Measures the speed and change of price movements.

  • Leading momentum indicator, meaning the signals are instant.
  • Ranges between 0 and 100.
  • Above 70 is considered overbought.
  • Below 30 is considered oversold.
  • Above or below 50 can also be used to determine price trend or support and resistance.
  • RSI divergence looks at a deviation between RSI and price movement. Penketrading automatically calculates RSI divergences.
  • Can be used in many different ways

Score

Let's take a look at the Relative Strength Index (RSI) of Ledesma SAAI. The current rsi is 48.23. The current phase is Correction in bull market.

The long score for the Relative Strength Index (RSI) is 0/13.
The longshort score for the Relative Strength Index (RSI) is -4/(-13 +13).

  • Correction in bull market: Moderate price decline, potential pause in the uptrend. Reassess the market, wait for signs of stabilization.
  • Trending down: The RSI is trending down. -1
Ledesma SAAI Daily Relative Strength Index (RSI) ChartLedesma SAAI Daily Relative Strength Index (RSI) Chart
3.2 Stochastic Oscillator

Compares a certain price to multiple prices ranging over time.

  • Leading momentum indicator, meaning the signals are instant.
  • Used to determine overbought and oversold areas much like the RSI.
  • Ranges between 0 and 100.
  • Above 80 is considered overbought.
  • Below 20 is considered oversold.
  • Consists of two lines named K and D.
  • K compares the highest high and lowest low on the selected price range.
  • The D line is a moving average of the K line.
  • Can be used to spot divergences

Score

Let's take a look at the Stochastic Oscillator of Ledesma SAAI. The current phase is Correction in bull market.

The long score for the Stochastic Oscillator is 0/6.
The longshort score for the Stochastic Oscillator is -4/(-6 +6).

  • STOCH < 50: The STOCH %K is below 50. There are more sellers than buyers. -1
  • STOCH %K line < STOCH %D line: The STOCH %K line is below the STOCH %D line, which indicates a bearish signal in the market. This means that the negative momentum is currently stronger than the average momentum, suggesting that sellers are more active than buyers, and there's a higher probability of the Ledesma price going down in the near term. -2
  • Trending down: The STOCH %K is trending down. -1
Ledesma SAAI Daily Stochastic Oscillator ChartLedesma SAAI Daily Stochastic Oscillator Chart
3.3 Commodity Channel Index (CCI)

Measures the difference between the current price and the historical average price.

  • Lagging or leading Momentum indicator
  • When the CCI is above zero, the price is above the historical average
  • When the CCI is below zero, the price is below the historical average
  • Used for spotting trends
    • If the CCI moves from negative or near zero to positive 100 that might indicate an uptrend
    • If the CCI moves from positive or near zero to negative -100 that might indicate a downtrend

Score

Let's take a look at the Commodity Channel Index (CCI) of Ledesma SAAI. The current cci is -76.99412259.

Ledesma SAAI Daily Commodity Channel Index (CCI) ChartLedesma SAAI Daily Commodity Channel Index (CCI) Chart
3.4 Chande Momentum Oscillator (CMO)

Measures the difference between the sum of recent gains and the sum of recent losses. Then divides the result by the sum of all price movements in that period.

  • Lagging momentum indicator
  • Ranges between +100 and -100
  • Considered overbought above +50
  • Considered oversold below -50
  • It's possible to add a moving average that acts as a signal line

Score

Let's take a look at the Chande Momentum Oscillator (CMO) of Ledesma SAAI. The current cmo is -9.81322166.

The long score for the Chande Momentum Oscillator (CMO) is 0/1.
The longshort score for the Chande Momentum Oscillator (CMO) is -1/(-1 +1).

  • CMO < 0: The CMO is below 0, the momentum of the price is negative, indicating a potential downtrend in the price. -1
Ledesma SAAI Daily Chande Momentum Oscillator (CMO) ChartLedesma SAAI Daily Chande Momentum Oscillator (CMO) Chart
3.5 Williams %R

 Shows the current price relative to the highest high over the last 14 days.
 

  • Lagging momentum indicator
  • Ranging between 0 and -100
  • Above -20 is considered overbought
  • Below -80 is considered oversold
  • Is prone to give false signals

Score

Let's take a look at the Williams %R of Ledesma SAAI. The current willr is -66.796875.

The long score for the Williams %R is 0/1.
The longshort score for the Williams %R is 0/(-1 +1).

  • WILLR between -80 and -20: The Williams %R is between -80 and -20. This indicates that Ledesma is trading in a neutral price range, neither oversold nor overbought, suggesting a balanced market condition without any extreme price signals.
Ledesma SAAI Daily Williams %R ChartLedesma SAAI Daily Williams %R Chart
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4. Volatility Indicators

4.1 Bollinger Bands

Shows if the price is to high or to low relative to an average.

  • Lagging volatility indicator
  • Uses 3 bands: one upper, one lower and one in the middle
  • Works best when the middle band reflects an intermediate trend (MA20).
  • When the price is moving closer to the upper band, the market might be overbought
  • When the price is moving closer to the lower band, the market might be oversold 

Score

Let's take a look at the Bollinger Bands of Ledesma SAAI.

Ledesma SAAI Daily Bollinger Bands Chart
4.2 Average True Range (ATR)
Measures market volatility
  • Leading volatility indicator
  • Can be used to determine stop-loss positions
  • Calculated by:
    • Current high minus the current low
    • Current high minus the previous close
    • Current low minus the previous close
  • The larger the range of the candles, the greater the ATR value

Score

Let's take a look at the Average True Range (ATR) of Ledesma SAAI. The current atr is 85.91.

Ledesma SAAI Daily Average True Range (ATR) ChartLedesma SAAI Daily Average True Range (ATR) Chart
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5. Volume Indicators

5.1 On-Balance Volume (OBV)

 Measures market volatility

  • Leading momentum indicator
  • Calculation:
    • If the closing price is above the previous closing price: OBV = previous OBV + current volume
    • If the closing price is below the previous closing price: OBV = previous OBV - current volume
    • If the closing price is the same as the previous closing price than the OBV is the same.
  • Can be used to confirm price trends
  • Can be used with divergences

Score

Let's take a look at the On-Balance Volume (OBV) of Ledesma SAAI. The current obv is 4,812,995.

Ledesma SAAI Daily On-Balance Volume (OBV) ChartLedesma SAAI Daily On-Balance Volume (OBV) Chart
5.2 Money Flow Index (MFI)

Measures the flow of money in and out of a security

  • Lagging momentum indicator
  • Looks like RSI but uses volume as an extra metric (RSI only considers price)
  • Above 80 is considered overbought
  • Below 20 is considered oversold
  • Can be used with divergences

Score

Let's take a look at the Money Flow Index (MFI) of Ledesma SAAI. The current mfi is 40.92.

The long score for the Money Flow Index (MFI) is 0/2.
The longshort score for the Money Flow Index (MFI) is -1/(-2 +2).

  • MFI < 50: -1
Ledesma SAAI Daily Money Flow Index (MFI) ChartLedesma SAAI Daily Money Flow Index (MFI) Chart
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6. Summary

6.1. Notifications

TypeNotificationDate
PenkeCurrently no notifications for Ledesma SAAI.

6.2. Trading Signals

Below you will find trading signals as the indicator is commonly used. This doesn't mean you should use it that way. Learn from these, but don't use them blindly. I recommend using at least 4 indicators, 1 from each category: trend, momentum, volatility and volume.

DateIndicatorSignal
2023-09-25CMO SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEZero line crossover to downside
2023-09-26SAR SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe price broke the SAR to the downside
2023-09-27DMI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe +DI crossed the -DI to the downside. The trend is reversing to a down trend.
CCI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE-100 crossover to downside
WILLR SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE-80 crossover to downside
2023-10-02STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
2023-10-03DMI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEThe +DI crossed the -DI to the upside. The trend is reversing to an up trend.
CMO LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEZero line crossover to upside
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2023-10-04MACD LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEThe MACD line crosses above the signal line.
SAR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEThe price broke the SAR to the upside.
CCI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE100 crossover to upside
WILLR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE-20 crossover to upside
2023-10-06STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2023-10-10STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
WILLR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE-20 crossover to upside
BB SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEPrice closed above the lower band.
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2023-10-11RSI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE70 crossover to downside
STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2023-10-17STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
WILLR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE-20 crossover to upside
BB SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEPrice closed above the lower band.
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2023-10-18RSI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE70 crossover to downside
STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2023-10-20SAR SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe price broke the SAR to the downside
2023-10-23MACD SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe MACD line crosses below the signal line.
DMI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe +DI crossed the -DI to the downside. The trend is reversing to a down trend.
CMO SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEZero line crossover to downside
2023-10-24WILLR SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE-80 crossover to downside
2023-10-26STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
2023-10-30STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
CCI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE-100 crossover to downside
MFI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE20 crossover to downside
2023-11-01STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
2023-11-02MFI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE20 crossover to upside
2023-11-03STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
WILLR SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE-80 crossover to downside
2023-11-06MFI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE20 crossover to downside
2023-11-07STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
2023-11-08STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
MFI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE20 crossover to upside
2023-11-10STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
CMO LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEZero line crossover to upside
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2023-11-13MACD LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEThe MACD line crosses above the signal line.
DMI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEThe +DI crossed the -DI to the upside. The trend is reversing to an up trend.
SAR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEThe price broke the SAR to the upside.
WILLR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE-20 crossover to upside
2023-11-15STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
CMO SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEZero line crossover to downside
2023-11-16DMI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe +DI crossed the -DI to the downside. The trend is reversing to a down trend.
2023-11-21DMI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEThe +DI crossed the -DI to the upside. The trend is reversing to an up trend.
STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
CCI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE100 crossover to upside
CMO LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEZero line crossover to upside
WILLR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE-20 crossover to upside
BB SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEPrice closed above the lower band.
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2023-11-23STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2023-11-24STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
WILLR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE-20 crossover to upside
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2023-11-27RSI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE70 crossover to downside
STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2023-11-30STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
2023-12-01CCI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE100 crossover to upside
WILLR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE-20 crossover to upside
BB SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEPrice closed above the lower band.
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2023-12-04RSI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE70 crossover to downside
2023-12-05STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2023-12-06STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2023-12-11STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2023-12-14RSI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE70 crossover to downside
2023-12-15SAR SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe price broke the SAR to the downside
2023-12-19MACD SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe MACD line crosses below the signal line.
STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
2023-12-20STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2023-12-21STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
WILLR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE-20 crossover to upside
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2023-12-22MACD LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEThe MACD line crosses above the signal line.
SAR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEThe price broke the SAR to the upside.
CCI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE100 crossover to upside
2023-12-26STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2023-12-27MACD SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe MACD line crosses below the signal line.
RSI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE70 crossover to downside
ATR SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEPrice closed below (close - ATR).
2023-12-29STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
2024-01-02STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2024-01-04STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
CCI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE100 crossover to upside
WILLR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE-20 crossover to upside
BB SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEPrice closed above the lower band.
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2024-01-05MACD LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEThe MACD line crosses above the signal line.
2024-01-08ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2024-01-09STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2024-01-11STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
2024-01-12MFI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE80 crossover to upside
2024-01-15STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
MFI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE80 crossover to downside
2024-01-16STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
MFI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSE80 crossover to upside
2024-01-18STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2024-01-22STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
2024-01-23STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2024-01-24SAR SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe price broke the SAR to the downside
RSI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE70 crossover to downside
MFI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE80 crossover to downside
2024-01-25MACD SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe MACD line crosses below the signal line.
2024-01-29CMO SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEZero line crossover to downside
2024-01-30CMO LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEZero line crossover to upside
2024-01-31CMO SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEZero line crossover to downside
2024-02-01STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
CMO LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEZero line crossover to upside
2024-02-05STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
2024-02-06CMO SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEZero line crossover to downside
WILLR SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE-80 crossover to downside
2024-02-07DMI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe +DI crossed the -DI to the downside. The trend is reversing to a down trend.
CCI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE-100 crossover to downside
BB LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed below the lower band.
2024-02-08WILLR SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE-80 crossover to downside
2024-02-09DMI LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEThe +DI crossed the -DI to the upside. The trend is reversing to an up trend.
STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
CMO LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEZero line crossover to upside
ATR LONG ENTRY SHORT CLOSEPrice closed above (close + ATR).
2024-02-14CMO SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEZero line crossover to downside
2024-02-15DMI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSEThe +DI crossed the -DI to the downside. The trend is reversing to a down trend.
STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.
CCI SHORT ENTRY LONG CLOSE-100 crossover to downside
2024-02-16STOCH SHORT EXITThe %K line crosses above the %D line.
2024-02-20STOCH LONG EXITThe %K line crosses below the %D line.

6.3. Candlestick Patterns

Ledesma SAAI Daily Candlestick Chart
DateCandlestick Pattern

6.4. Technical Score

Let's check the technical score of Ledesma SAAI based on Penke's default Symbol scanner.

Penke's Symbol Scanner

  
  
IndicatorConditionValue
RsiGreater than5048.233
Ma 20Greater thanMa 501,005.675
Ma 50Greater thanMa 100901.360
Ma 100Greater thanMa 200694.800
OpenGreater thanClose970.000
Total4/5 (80.0%)
Penke

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