0 XP   0   0   0

Price to Earnings Ratio

Compares the company's stock price to its earnings.

Indicates if the company’s shares are under or overvalued. A very high PE ratio means that the price of the stock is much higher than the reported earnings. 

How to use PE ratio

A PE ratio of 15 means the investor is paying $15 for every $1 in earnings

  • Above 15 is considered overpriced but is hard to determine (always use industry average)
  • Can be very different between industries
  • Can be used to compare companies

Why do investors use PE ratio in their analysis

The PE ratio tells investors the current sentiment in the market for that company. As with every stock, the stock price never shows the real valuation of a company but rather how the market thinks how much the stock is worth. 

In other words, the current stock price also incorporates any future earnings or business opportunities in the future. The best example is the stock market crash in 2000. The PE ratio for any internet based company was going through the roof. Only based on the general assumption the internet and all associated businesses would thrive in the future. But this was based on nothing. A business still needs a good product or service to be able to survive. Instead, every investor bought any stock which did something related to the internet.

Many investors were willing to pay premium prices and that was causing the PE ratio to rise. A high PE ratio is a warning sign that investors might be overvaluing a stock based on future earnings.

Things to be aware of

  • Only compare with other companies in the same industry
  • Some industries might have very high or very low PE ratios in general
  • PE ratios can be high for several years, it does not mean a sudden collapse is imminent.
  • Earnings growth is not included in the PE ratio

How to calculate PE ratio

  • PE ratio = market value per share / earnings per share (The market value per share is simply the current stock price. )

The PE ratio is a very commonly used ratio to determine the value of a company by comparing the current stock price relative to its earnings per share (EPS). Before we can calculate the PE ratio we need to know the EPS. EPS is calculated as follows:

  • EPS = (net profit - preferred dividends) / end of period outstanding shares
  • Net profit = revenue - expenses
  • Outstanding shares can be found in the balance sheet

The PE value helps investors to determine if the current stock price is under or overvalued. It also projects future growth.

In general, a higher PE ratio means that investors predict higher future growth. If the PE ratio is too high, then investors expect way too much future growth the company can never fulfil. This is most likely to happen in faster moving companies like tech companies or automobile companies like Tesla. These are hot and booming markets where investors expect much future growth driven by new technology (electric cars). When looking at the current MRQ (most recent quarter) PE ratio of Tesla ( jan. 2021) it's about 247 while the average in the industry is only 6. That might be a clue that Tesla is trading for way too high prices compared to their current assets and is more based on future growth.

Comments

Join the conversation.

Leave a comment

Stay informed with my latest content.

Subscribe to my newsletter and receive an email as soon as I add content to PenkeTrading.com.


By clicking Register, you agree to the General Terms and Conditions.
Penke's Market Notifications
SKUE.OL
5 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of SKUE.OL.

SKUE.OL Daily Candlestick Chart
AERS.LSE
5 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of AERS.LSE.

AERS.LSE Daily Candlestick Chart
VIA.CC
6 hours ago

I found you a Death Cross on the daily chart of VIA.CC.

VIA.CC Daily Candlestick Chart
VELO.CC
6 hours ago

I found you a RSI Bearish Hidden Divergence on the daily chart of VELO.CC.

VELO.CC Daily Candlestick Chart
vBUSD.CC
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of vBUSD.CC.

vBUSD.CC Daily Candlestick Chart
UNW.CC
6 hours ago

I found you a STOCH Bullish Reversal Divergence on the daily chart of UNW.CC.

UNW.CC Daily Candlestick Chart
TWTR.CC
6 hours ago

I found you a Overbought RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of TWTR.CC.

TWTR.CC Daily Candlestick Chart
TMN.CC
6 hours ago

I found you a Overbought RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of TMN.CC.

TMN.CC Daily Candlestick Chart
TEL.CC
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of TEL.CC.

TEL.CC Daily Candlestick Chart
WFAFY.PINK
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of WFAFY.PINK.

WFAFY.PINK Daily Candlestick Chart
BOCT.BATS
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of BOCT.BATS.

BOCT.BATS Daily Candlestick Chart
BATT.NYSE ARC
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of BATT.NYSE ARC.

BATT.NYSE ARC Daily Candlestick Chart
ASXFY.PINK
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of ASXFY.PINK.

ASXFY.PINK Daily Candlestick Chart
ARKQ.BATS
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of ARKQ.BATS.

ARKQ.BATS Daily Candlestick Chart
AGZ.NYSE ARC
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of AGZ.NYSE ARC.

AGZ.NYSE ARC Daily Candlestick Chart
ADDDF.OTCQX
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of ADDDF.OTCQX.

ADDDF.OTCQX Daily Candlestick Chart
ACWI.NASDAQ
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of ACWI.NASDAQ.

ACWI.NASDAQ Daily Candlestick Chart
JQUA.NYSE ARC
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of JQUA.NYSE ARC.

JQUA.NYSE ARC Daily Candlestick Chart
ZIG.NYSE ARC
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of ZIG.NYSE ARC.

ZIG.NYSE ARC Daily Candlestick Chart
YINN.NYSE ARC
6 hours ago

I found you a STOCH Bullish Reversal Divergence on the daily chart of YINN.NYSE ARC.

YINN.NYSE ARC Daily Candlestick Chart
XSVM.NYSE ARC
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of XSVM.NYSE ARC.

XSVM.NYSE ARC Daily Candlestick Chart
XOUT.NYSE ARC
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of XOUT.NYSE ARC.

XOUT.NYSE ARC Daily Candlestick Chart
XNTK.NYSE ARC
6 hours ago

I found you a Oversold RSI (Relative Strength Index) on the daily chart of XNTK.NYSE ARC.

XNTK.NYSE ARC Daily Candlestick Chart